Accueil Développement durableLa MéditerranéeGovernance


To improve the governance of the Mediterranean is a priority for conservation and sustainable development. International organizations are concerned about this issue.

For political and geophysical reasons, most of the Mediterranean states have not declared an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) beyond their territorial waters. More than 80 % of this semi-enclosed sea is subject to the regime of the high seas ; the application of international agreements is a real challenge, since this regime constitutes a flaw in the governance of the Mediterranean

Some Mediterranean countries, including France, have recently undertaken national initiatives to extend their jurisdiction in specific fields, for example by creating ecological protection or fishing areas.

If all countries adopted this process, the Mediterranean would be covered by national maritime areas, resulting in a lack of coordination which would affect the integrity of the conservation regime of this sea.

The Mediterranean is an interesting case study with regard to the reinforcement of governance and international legislation related to the oceans. This experiment could serve as an example for achieving the aims of the World Summit on Sustainable Development.

Since 2003, the Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation has introduced a mechanism for examining the various ways of improving the governance of the Mediterranean. A working group meets at regular intervals to deal with important questions concerning governance. The conclusions are directly transmitted to the ministries of the Mediterranean countries and to regional management and conservation organizations.

During its world congress at Barcelona in 2008, the IUCN adopted a motion to support and reinforce this process.

À consulter

-  Towards better governance of the Mediterranean :
- International Union for Conservation of Nature :
-  Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation :
-  National Observatory of the Sea and the Coast (in French only) :