Accueil AquariumPreservation of biodiversity

Preservation of biodiversity

Numerous animals reproduce in the Aquarium’s tanks : fishes such as scorpion fish, sea bass, gilt-head seabream, damselfish, goby and other rarer and protected species. The adaptation of these animals is evidence of the quality of the environment and the way they are cared for.

Hippocampe <i>(Hippocampus ramulosus)</i>
Hippocampe (Hippocampus ramulosus)
Grande cigale <i>(Scyllarides latus)</i>
Grande cigale (Scyllarides latus)
Triton <i>(Charonia lampas)</i>
Triton (Charonia lampas)
Mérou brun <i>(Epinephelus marginatus)</i>
Mérou brun (Epinephelus marginatus)
Tortue marine <i>(Caretta caretta)</i>
Tortue marine (Caretta caretta)

Protected by the Bern Convention (1999).
Scientists have obtained significant results for its reproduction and the development of fry up until adulthood. The seahorses born at the Paul Ricard Oceanographic Institute are presented to other aquariums with the aim of reducing the fishing pressure in the natural environment.
Poster "rearing Hippocampus species"

Species protected in France since 1993.
This crustacean reproduces each year ; the open circuit seawater supply means that tens of thousands of larvae can be released into the sea each year.

A rare species.
Spawning and development have been studied for the first time by the Institute’s researchers.
Océanorama n°21 (1993) – Millions of trumpet shells.PDF (in French)

Fishing regulated in France since 1993.
Between 1991 and 1999, fishers caught and handed over to the Aquarium seven very young grouper. The Institute’s scientists have thus been able to provide the first evidence that the grouper reproduces in the northern Mediterranean. This is confirmation by observation of indicator species of climate warming in this part of the Mediterranean since this vital function previously occurred in warmer waters, in the south. From observation of individuals in aquariums and in the natural environment, a technique has been developed for individual recognition of grouper.

Océanorama n°18 (1992) – Dusky grouper – origins, life and protection.PDF (In French)
GEM (Grouper Research Group)

A species protected by the international conventions of Washington (1973), Bern (1999) and in France, since 1991.
The Aquarium is a member of the Sea Turtles of the French Mediterranean network (Réseau tortues marines de Méditerranée française). It is a refuge for sea turtles which are injured, beached or picked up at sea by leisure sailors or the maritime authorities.

After recovery and tagging, the Institute releases the animals in the open sea. If their condition makes this impossible, they are taken to the CESTMed care centre at Grau-du-Roi (S. France).